The Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation regularly produces publications to share lessons learned from its work around the world. These tailored toolkits and guides provide practitioners, academics and activists with concrete strategies and tools to help survivors of recent conflict recover from their trauma and help their communities break through cycles of violence.
This document was developed as an instrument to support civil society organizations in Colombia in the development of oral archives and in the organization of their archival collections. It draws from the experience of GIJTR partners ICSC and PILPG, and ICSC members. This practical guide highlights basic principles in developing oral archives based on interviews, and in organizing human rights documentation archives. Section 1 focuses on the development of oral archives, and Section 2 offers basic advice on the first steps to help CSOs organize their archives.
Transitional Justice and Indigenous Peoples in Latin America
This report shows both the limitations and the possibilities for constructive interaction between the field of transitional justice and the normative framework of Indigenous rights. Protracted armed conflicts in Criollo (mixed heritage) States gave rise to generic transitional justice experiences, devoid of Indigenous approaches; but in their application, the instruments of truth, justice, and reparation encountered the specificity of Indigenous experiences and rights and had to be transformed in varying degrees. Broadening the field of transitional justice potentially includes the understanding of, and action on, the continuing territorial dispossession and harassment of Indigenous peoples.
In November 2021, the Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation (GIJTR) and Amplifier, a nonprofit design lab that brings together artists and activists, launched an advocacy campaign to assist communities around the world that are in or emerging from conflict by fostering reconciliation through the stories of survivors. With help from three artists, Camila Rosa, Thomas Wimberly, and Nurul Yaquin, we are making available 20 free, downloadable images in six languages to foster reconciliation through the stories of survivors. The images are based upon six primary themes - Listening to Survivors; Truth and Justice; Peace and Non-Recurrence; Memory and Reconciliation; the Missing and Disappeared; and Women’s Rights - and feature fictional people and symbols representing communities from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East.
Make It New
Published in August 2021, this toolkit aims to support civil society generally, while explicitly accommodating the needs and contexts of the local partners that work with the Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation. In this sense, it pays particular attention to creating and sharing advocacy campaigns that amplify the voices of survivors and address the holistic needs of communities emerging from conflict. This toolkit also offers suggestions for navigating complications that are common in post-conflict settings, including security concerns and taboos around discussing painful histories. Intended as a concise guide, it provides general advice on developing, implementing, and launching advocacy campaigns.
Providing Psychosocial Support for Survivors of Conflict
Published in 2021, this toolkit was compiled by the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR), a GIJTR partner and an independent nonprofit organization working toward understanding violence, healing its effects and building sustainable peace and reconciliation in South Africa, the region and throughout the rest of the world. This involves engaging in targeted research and advocacy with civil society and state institutions (both nationally and regionally) and working with individuals and communities through the delivery of direct interventions.
Creating an Advocacy Campaign
Published in August 2021, this toolkit was created for activists, memory practitioners, survivors and others seeking resources for turning memory into action through awareness-raising and advocacy. It was produced as part of the Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation’s (GIJTR) transitional justice programming in The Gambia. Creating an Advocacy Campaign draws on the deep advocacy experience of its author, Shirley Gunn, founder and director of ICSC member site Human Rights Media Centre in South Africa, and is organized by twelve key components that contribute to achieving advocacy objectives. The toolkit also features case studies from other contexts, including ICSC member sites’ memorialization-driven advocacy campaigns, and includes reflective writing prompts throughout.
A Toolkit for Reintegration of Women Survivors of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Children Born of War
This toolkit draws on the extensive research conducted by GIJTR partners the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC), Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR), Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR), Humanitarian Law Center (HLC), and Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam) as part of the Reintegration and Transitional Justice project. Both the project and the toolkit aim to promote greater recognition of the unique societal reintegration needs of survivors of conflict-related sexual violence and children born of war and highlight the importance of addressing the needs of these survivors within formal transitional justice processes and grassroots, community-based reintegration initiatives.
Supporting Grassroots Organizations through Small Grants
Central to GIJTR’s work is building capacities and laying the groundwork for community-wide participation in both formal and community-based transitional justice processes. This publication highlights the work of local organizations and activists who have received small grants to design and implement community-based interventions. Sub-grants provide a vital means for local partners to put into practice skills and knowledge gained through GIJTR programming while also providing a foundation to develop longer-term projects related to truth-telling, reconciliation, memorialization, forensics analysis and victims’ advocacy.
Peace Processes as Vehicles for Transitional Justice
This briefing paper presents lessons and recommendations as to how peace processes can best nurture and promote transitional justice. It is based primarily on the outputs of a remote workshop convened in November 2020 by Consortium partners Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG), the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC) and the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR).
Locating Peace Within the Justice Agenda
This paper discusses the AUTJP as a policy case study that locates peace within the justice agenda on the continent, drawing from the rich, three-decade-long practice and experience of transitional justice processes on the continent to guide and inform future transitional justice processes. The parameters set by the policy within which peace and justice processes can co-exist and be pursued in transitional justice through timing and sequencing of the two processes will also be discussed. The paper will also analyse the benchmarks of success for peace processes, making use of African examples, and offering recommendations for future interventions.
Roles and Responsibilities of the Private Sector in Transitional Justice Processes in Latin America
Roles and Responsibilities of the Private Sector in Transitional Justice Processes in Latin America: The cases of Colombia, Guatemala, and Argentina provides an overview of corporate complicity in the perpetration of grave human rights violations during some of the most notable periods of repression and conflict in those countries, and considers how the issue of private sector involvement has been addressed by both official and unofficial transitional justice mechanisms. This report presents lessons learned for the ongoing efforts to promote accountability, and considers the obstacles that remain.
The Roles and Responsibilities of Private Sector Actors in Transitional Justice in Africa and Latin America
Released in September 2021, this briefing paper on The Roles and Responsibilities of Private Sector Actors in Transitional Justice in Africa and Latin America is part of a larger initiative led by the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC), which seeks to examine past and present transitional justice processes involving private sector actors, with a focus on accountability for grave human rights violations and grassroots interventions across the two regions. Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation (GIJTR) Consortium partners, the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) and the Due Process of Law Foundation (DPLF) contributed immensely to this project through the initial regional research on transitional justice processes in Africa and Latin America, which were released in separate publications earlier this year.
The Role of the Private Sector in Transitional Justice Processes in Africa
The present report is the product of a 2021 GITJR consortium project led by the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience (ICSC), which sought to examine past and present transitional justice processes involving private actors, with a focus on accountability for grave human rights violations and grassroots interventions in Africa and Latin America. The primary aim of the project was to learn from past experiences while seeking to inform the design of future formal and informal processes that consider private sector actors’ roles and responsibilities in transitional justice.
Strengthening Participation in Local-Level and National Transitional Justice Processes
This guide, Strengthening Participation in Local-Level and National Transitional Justice Processes: A Guide for Practitioners, was managed by the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) with support from the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR), International Coalition of Sites of Conscience, and the Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG). Published in March 2018, the guide was produced as part of a year-long GIJTR project titled Community Participation, which aimed to increase the participation of communities to influence the design and implementation of transitional justice mechanisms. Tamil version: https://gijtr.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/Community-Participation-Toolkit_Tamil_live.pdf
Transitional Justice and Women
This toolkit aims to explore the multiplicity of roles occupied by women during conflict and periods of authoritarian rule, as well as how these roles impact on women’s needs post-conflict; highlight the ways in which women have been involved in transitional justice processes and the impact of their involvement; investigate obstacles to the inclusion of women in transitional justice processes; and share recommendations from women-led grassroots organizations for meaningful inclusion of women in transitional justice processes. It considers a wide range of contexts, including Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Sri Lanka, Algeria and Guatemala.
Understanding and Addressing Violations of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Transitional Justice
This assessment toolkit is designed for civil society organizations (CSOs) and activists who are working to address socio-economic and other root causes of conflict in post-conflict transitional justice processes at local and national levels. It provides users with the tools they need to conduct reliable and comprehensive research into the economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) violations that contributed to and occurred during conflict and help them to work alongside and between local communities and national governments to make informed decisions about what transitional justice mechanisms might provide the most appropriate redress for those violations. This toolkit is available in English below, and also in Bahasa here: https://www.sitesofconscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/ESCR-Assessment-Toolkit-Bahasa-Indonesia.pdf
Civil Society Advancing Transitional Justice
Developing many of the themes in "Building a Learning Community," this follow-up publication examines GIJTR's work with civil society in a range of different types of transition - from states where wars have been won, but perpetrators remain close to power, to states seeking to address decades of authoritarian rule with few resources and little political will. Contexts explored include Colombia, The Gambia, Guinea, and Sri Lanka, among others.
Lessons for a Holistic and Sustainable Approach to Transitional Justice
In this toolkit, the Global Initiative for Justice, Truth and Reconciliation shares its work ensuring that all members of society in countries transitioning from conflict or authoritarian rule – especially women and minorities – are included in envisioning and building new futures. Case studies from Colombia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Syria and elsewhere are included.
Community Truth-Telling in Outlying Regions in Colombia
"Creating Channels of Trust" offers a guide to conducting truth-telling projects in conflict and post-conflict settings by detailing the GIJTR's work in Colombia assisting those affected by the conflict there, which claimed the lives of over 200,000 people between 1958-2013. The toolkit shares best practices for collecting, documenting and sharing the stories of survivors of such conflicts.
Psycho-Social Support for Survivors
Art methodologies provide an alternate language for survivors to capture the trauma of their experiences and creatively engage with the past while envisioning a new future. In this toolkit, Shirley Gunn, Director of the Human Rights Media Center in South Africa, offers a step-by-step guide to one such technique called body mapping, in which one tells a story through a life-sized drawing of her or his body.
A Toolkit for Memorialization in Post-Conflict Societies
In all societies, we undertake memorial activities to preserve historical memory relating to traumatic events such as conflicts, genocide, famines, the plague, the aftermath of a great humanitarian crisis, etc. This manual draws on the work of Sites of Conscience - historic sites, history museums and memory initiatives that connect past struggles to today's movements for social justice - to provide inspirational, innovative and informative examples of memorialization that highlight the ways memory in the post-conflict world can be used to forge more peaceful futures.
Violence and Prevention Dialogue Toolkit
Effective communication is essential if communities around the world are to address challenging histories and build more just and peaceful futures. This toolkit shares strategies for facilitating dialogues that bring individuals, organizations and communities together for the purposes of individual and collective learning. The information is drawn from the firsthand experience of the International Coalition of Sites of Conscience, and focuses on the importance of a nuanced understanding of cultures and local situations by incorporating lessons learned from civil society organizations (CSOs) and teachers across Guinea and the Côte d’Ivoire. Also available in Arabic: https://gijtr.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/Violence-and-Dialogue-Toolkit-6x9-AR-final.pdf